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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] The Ancient Maya City of Calakmul is an archaeological site deep in the rainforest in Campeche state, Mexico. The site covers 3,000 hectares and protected by a 147,195 hectare buffer zone. It stands as one of the largest and most powerful cities in the Maya lowlands to have ever been rediscovered.

The many outstanding feature of Calakmul include its many commemorative stelae that throw light on the political and spiritual development of the city. Through them, archaeologists are able to learn and understand the culture of Calakmul (a modern name, during ancient times the city core was called Ox Te' Tuun).


Pyramid and Stelae at Calakmul, Mexico
Pyramid and Stelae at Calakmul, Mexico
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Calakmul98.jpg
authorshipant_mela
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Calakmul flourished from the Middle Preclassic right through to the Postclassic period of Maya civilization. Its first king ruled before AD 520 (exact date unknown) while its last ruler appeared around AD 909. The city was the seat of an empire known as the Kingdom of the Snake, which was powerful particularly during the Classic period. At that time, some 50,000 people lived in Calakmul.

The remains at Calakmul include numerous ruins and some 6,750 structures, the biggest of which is the Great Pyramid. At 45 meters in height, it is one of the largest Maya pyramids. As was the trend in other Maya sites, the pyramids of Calakmul were enlarged by successfully building over the previous structure.


One of the tiers of a pyramid at Calakmul
One of the tiers of a pyramid at Calakmul
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Calakmul7.jpg
authorshipPete Fordham
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Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 26th session of the World Heritage Committee in Budapest, Hungary, 24 - 29 June 2002.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N18 7 21 W89 46 59.988 in the municipality of Calakmul, in the state of Campeche, in Mexico.
Inscription Year: 2002
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: I, II, III, IV
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