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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco, Mexico[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] The Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco protects the group of Mesoamerican ruins that are today a World Heritage Site. The ruins of Xochicalco, which means "in the house of flowers" in the local Nahuatl language, comprise fortifications erected between AD 650 and 900, a tumultous time in Mesoamerica following political upheavals that brought down the great Mesoamerican cities of Teotihuacan, Monte Albán, Palenque and Tikal.
Xochicalco was built by the Olmeca-Xicallanca. This was a Mayan group that originated from Campeche. The site features the Temple of the Feathered Serpent as its centerpiece, and includes other step-pyramids, palaces and ball courts.
Pyramid at Xochicalco, Mexico
For reasons unknown, Xochicalco was razed and destroyed in AD 900, perhaps by hostile neighbors. After it was destroyed, there were still people living in the area. Then in AD 1200, a new group of Nahuatl-speaking tribe, called the Tlahuica, moved in to populate the area, and they remain the predominant people living in the area, which today forms the state of Morelos.
The first European to describe Xochicalco was explorer Antonio Alzate, in 1777. However it was German-born naturalist Alexander von Humboldt who brought it to world attention when he published greater details with illustrations of the site in 1810. This attracted the attention of the Emperor of Mexico into visiting it. Restoration was carried out under Mexican archaeologist Leopoldo Batres in 1910, with further archaeological excavations carried out in the 20th century.
Ball Court ring from Xochicalco
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Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 23rd session of the World Heritage Committee in Marrakesh, Morocco, 29 November - 4 December, 1999.
World Heritage Site Inscription DetailsLocation: N18 48 37.008 W99 16 30 in the municipalities of Temixco and Miacatlan, in the state of Morelos, in Mexico.
Inscription Year: 1999
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: III, IV
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