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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Bam and its Cultural Landscape, Iran[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Ancient Bam, Iran
[an error occurred while processing this directive] Bam and its Cultural Landscape is a World Heritage Site in Iran. It protects the ancient city of Bam, particularly the Bam citadel.
The history of ancient Bam goes back to the Achaemenid period in the 6th century BC. It is believed to have been founded during the Parthian Empire, also called the Arsacid Empire, where covered the Ancient Near East, from present-day Pakistan in the east, to Syria in the west. The empire appeared between 247 BC and 224 AD.
Bam Citadel, Iran
Throughout Bam's long history, different cultures and civilizations have left their mark. The ancient city of Arg-e Bam, for example, is believed to date back 2000 years. However, most of the structures that we see today were erected during the Safavid dynasty, which ruled Persia from 1501 to 1722.
The present city of Bam was established a long while after the glorious days of the old citadel. The city of Bam was abandoned a few times in its histoday, the most recent following an Afghan invasion of 1722, which brought down the Safavid dynasty.
In modern times, Bam grew to become an agricultural and industrial center, but was greatly devastation by a huge earthquake in 2003, killing 26,271 people, out of a population of just over 50,000. The high death toll was due to the building material used in the city, which consist mostly of mud bricks that offer little protection. Also, the quake happened at 1:56 am at night when most people were asleep. Bam and its Cultural Landscape was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 28th session of the World Heritage Committee in Suzhou, China on 28 June - 7 July, 2004.
World Heritage Site Inscription DetailsLocation: N29 7 0.588 E58 22 0 in Bam district, Kerman province, Iran.
Inscription Year: 2004
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: II, III, IV, V
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