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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Chaco Culture, New Mexico

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Chaco Culture is a World Heritage Site inscription recognising the heritage of the Pueblo peoples of southwestern United States. The heritage site is covered by the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. which is located in a remote canyon in northwestern New Mexico. It contains a collection of ancient ruins pre-Columbian culture.

Chaco Canyon was the site where the ancient Pueblo people developed their culture between AD900 and 1150. They built fifteen major settlement complexes which are the largest structures in North America until the 19th century. There are archaeological evidence to believe that the Pueblo people studied astronomy, as is seen from petroglyphs discovered in the area.


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Ruins of Chetro Ketl in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico
Ruins of Chetro Ketl in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chaco_Canyon_Chetro_Ketl_great_kiva_plaza_NPS.jpg
authorshipNational Park Service
photo licensing


The main site of Chaco Culture within the canyon is Fajada Butte. However, it has been closed to the public due to concern over erosion caused by tourists. The sites at Fajada Butte are also considered the sacred ancestral homelands of the Hopi and Pueblo peoples, who maintain an oral history of their migration to Chaco Canyon and their spiritual relationship to the land. Also included within the Chacho Culture National Historic Park is the Aztec Ruins National Monument.

Chaco Culture, New Mexico was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 11th session of the World Heritage Committee in Paris, France, on 7 - 11 December, 1987.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N 36 3 49.6 W 107 58 15 in New Mexico.
Inscription Year: 1987
Type: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: III


Fajada Butte, Chaco Canyon, in winter
Fajada Butte, Chaco Canyon, in winter
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chaco_Canyon_Fajada_Butte_in_snow_NPS.jpg
authorshipNational Park Service
photo licensing


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