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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Earliest 16th Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl, Mexico

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] The Earliest 16th Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl are celebrated as a World Heritage Site of Mexico. This recognition is extended to the fourteen monasteries built by Roman Catholic missionaries of the Augustinian, Franciscan and Dominican orders, when they were carrying out their mission work in the areas to the south and east of the volcano, in their effort to bring their religion to New Spain.


San Juan Bautista Monastery in Yecapixtla, Morelos
San Juan Bautista Monastery in Yecapixtla, Morelos
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BellFromCloisterYeca.JPG
authorshipAlejandroLinaresGarcia
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The monasteries on the slopes of Popocatepetl are all an excellent state of conservation. Each reflects the architectureal style adopted by the different mission orders. There is however a similarity among these monasteries. Among them, they all have very large atriums in front of a single-nave church with a capilla abierta, or open chapel. The atrium was a place for the missionary friars to meet and interact with the indigenous people.

Mass for the newly converted is held in this area rather than inside the church itself. The reason for this is that the indigenous people are not used to entering a larged enclosed space, and would not feel immediately comfortable to be inside the church. This style of church design was later adopted throughout Mexico and some parts of Latin America.


Asuncion Cathedral in Cuernavaca, Morelos
Asuncion Cathedral in Cuernavaca, Morelos
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MuralsCatCuerna2.JPG
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The 16th century monasteries comprise eleven in the state of Morelos and three in the state of Puebla. The monasteries in Morelos are San Mateo Apostol in Atlatlahucan, Asuncion Cathedral in Cuernavaca, Santo Domingo de Guzman in Hueyapan, Santiago Apostol in Ocuituco, Santo Domingo in Oaxtepec, La Natividad or la Anunciaciòn in Tepoztlàn, San Juan Bautista in Yecapixtla and Immaculada Concepciòn in Zacualpan de Amilpas. The monasteries in Puebla are San Francisco de Asís in San Andrès Capan, San Miguel Arcángel in Huejotzingo and Asunción de Nuestra Señora in Tochimilco.

The Earliest 16th Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl were inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 18th session of the World Heritage Committee in Phuket, Thailand, 12 - 17 December, 1994.


San Miguel Arcángel, Puebla
San Miguel Arcángel, Puebla
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FacadeSMAHuejotzingo.JPG
authorshipAlejandroLinaresGarcia
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World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N18 56 4.992 W98 53 52.008 in the municipalities of Atlatlauhcan, Cuernavaca, Tetela del Volcan, Yautepec, Ocuituco, Tepoztlan, Tlayacapan, Totolapan, Yecapixtla and Zacualpan de Amilpas, all in the state of Morelos, and in the municipalities of Calpan, Huetotzingo and Tochimilco, all in the state of Puebla, in Mexico.
Inscription Year: 1994
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: II, IV
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