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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Fujian Tulou, China

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Tulou are communal houses built by the Hakka, particularly in Fujian Province. Today there are still some 46 earthen tulou in Fujian. They were built between the 15th to the 20th century. These Hakka earthern houses are characterized by their circular and some times square floor plan. They are several storeys tall, and face inward to a central courtyard or quadrangle. These earthen homes are called Tulou.


A tulou in Fujian Province, China
Zhenchenglou, a tulou in Yongding county, Fujian Province, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zhenchenglou.JPG
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The Fujian Tulou are set in the middle of rice, tea or tobacco fields. Their style of architecture reflect the need for community defence. The Tulou is often home to a single large, extended family, or clan, that may number as many as 800 people of the Hakka ethnic group. They are accessed through a single entrance. There are no windows facing the outside on the ground level, thus preventing intrusion by bandits.

The most elaborate Tulou were built in the 17th and 18th centuries. While the exterior appears plain, the interior of the Tulou are often elaborate, comfortable, and richly decorated.


Fujian Tulou, China
Fujian Tulou, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oval_tulou.JPG
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The Fujian Tulou were inscribed as World Heritage Sites during the 32nd session of the World Heritage Committee in Quebec City, Canada, on 2-10 July, 2008. They stand as exceptional examples of a building tradition that exemplify a particular type of communal living, as well as a type of structure built for communal defence. They are an outstanding example of human settlement that harmoniously blend with their environment.


Zhenchenglou, China
Zhenchenglou, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zhenchenglou_4_rings.JPG
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Chuxi Tulou, China
Chuxi Tulou, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chuxi_tulou_cluster.JPG
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Jiqinglou, China
Jiqinglou, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jiqinglou.JPG
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Roud tulou, China
Roud tulou, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Roud_tulou.JPG
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Tulou of Tian Luo Keng, Shuyang County, Fujian, China
Tulou of Tian Luo Keng, Shuyang County, Fujian, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Earth_buildings-Tianluokeng.jpg
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Interior of the Tulou
Interior of the Tulou
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Earth_building_interior.jpg
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Yuchanglou, China
Yuchanglou, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Earth_building-yuchang3.jpg
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Yuchanglou, a 700-year-old tulou in Yongding County, China
Yuchanglou, a 700-year-old tulou in Yongding County, China
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Yuchanglou.JPG
authorshipGisling
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World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N 25 1 23 E 117 41 9
Inscription Year: 2008
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: III, IV, V

Location Map


View Fujian Tulou in a larger map

Visiting Fujian Tulou

Your best bet is to arrive in one of the two major Fujian cities such as Xiamen or Fuzhou, and make arrangement with the local tour operator for an excursion to visit the Tulou. The Tulou are found in the Yongding district of Fujian Province. Hukeng is one of its more accessible towns.

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