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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Historic Centre of Zacatecas, Mexico

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Historic Centre of Zacatecas is a medieval city in central Mexico that is today recognized as a World Heritage Site. It was founded in 1546 following the discovery of rich silver oce in the area.

The local tribes in Zacatecas have been mining silver, in moderate quantities, long before the arrival of the Spanish. Among the indigenous tribes in the area include the Caxcans, Guachichils, Guamares, Huichols and of course, the Zacatecos, which was the predominant tribe.


Historic centre of Zacatecas, Mexico
Historic centre of Zacatecas, Mexico
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The local tribes were antagonistic against the arriving Spanish, but were unable to overcome the Spanish military might, which eventually quash any form of local resistance. The mining of silver fueled the prosperity of the town of Zacatecas, particularly in the 16th and 17th centuries, allowing a new and wealthy city to emerge on the picturesque landscape.

Many of the mines became exhausted beyond the 18th century, but some continued to produce small quantities of silver ore, right up to the 20th century. The Cerro de la Bufa mine, for example began operating in 1586, producing large amount of gold and silver. It only ceased operations in 1960, but reopened in 1975 as a tourist attraction.


Zacatecas Cathedral, Mexico
Zacatecas Cathedral, Mexico
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In terms of architecture, Zacatecas share some similarity with Guanajuato, another mining town that is also an inscribed World Heritage Site. Many of the historic buildings of Zacatecas are of pink stone, leading to a local description of the city as con rostro de cantera rosa y corazán de plata, meaning "having a rosy face and a silvery heart".

Historic Centre of Zacatecas was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 17th session of the World Heritage Committee in Cartagena, Colombia, 6 - 11 December, 1993.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N22 46 0.012 W102 33 20.016 in the municipality and state of Zacatecas.
Inscription Year: 1993
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: II, IV
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