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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan, Mexico[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] The Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan is a coastal city in the Gulf of Mexico that is recognized as a World Heritage Site. Tlacotalpan is river port on the eastern part of Mexico, in the state of Veracruz. Although inhabited since pre-Columbian times, the modern city was only founded in the mid-16th century.
The outstanding universal value of the Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan lies in the well-preserved urban fabric, encompassing its colonial-style streets, houses, public spaces and private gardens. Even the many now mature trees add to the overall ambience of the city.
Tlacotalpan stands as an outstanding example of the blend between Spanish architecture and Caribbean traditions. So far, the city has managed to preserve its original urban fabric. As with many Spanish settlements, it was laid out in a checkerboard pattern measuring 1.55 km by 0.52 km, and divided into two main sectors, the Spanish quarter and the native quarter. These two quarters meet at the center, which is where the most important civic buildings are located.
The Spanish quarter of Tlacotalpan comprises seven main streets running in an east-west direction, parallel to the Papaloapan river, which means "butterfly river" in Nahuatl. These main streets are intersected at regular intervals by narrow lanes. The name Tlacotalpan is a Spanish derivative of Tlaxcotaliapan, which means "land between the waters" in the native Nahuatl language. Although it is not known which native tribe was the original inhabitants of the area, the fact that Nahuatl names appear in its geographical features suggests an Aztec domination of the area.
Shrine of Our Lady of Candlemas, Tlacotalpan
Enrique López-Tamayo Biosca
The present town of Tlacotalpan dates back to 1550, one the Spanish king granted permission to Gaspar Rivadeneyra, to settle the land. Although he was unable to prevent the natives from establishing a fishing village on his land, he obliged them to build a chapel to La Virgen de la Candelaria there.
Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 22nd session of the World Heritage Committee in Kyoto, Japan, 30 November - 5 December, 1998.
World Heritage Site Inscription DetailsLocation: N18 36 30 W95 39 30 in the municipality of Tlacotalpan, in the state of Veracruz, in Mexico.
Inscription Year: 1998
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: II, IV
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