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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Megalithic Temples of Malta

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] The Megalithic Temples of Malta are prehistoric temples that are recognized by as World Heritage Sites. There are all together seven such temples on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Each was built independently and are not related to one another.

The first two of Malta's megalithic temples were inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1980 while the remaining five were added to the List in 1992. The seven temples are:

  1. Ġgantija 1 (in Xagħra, Gozo) - 1980
  2. Ġgantija 2 (in Xagħra, Gozo) - 1980
  3. Ħaġar Qim (in Qrendi) - 1992
  4. Mnajdra (in Qrendi) - 1992
  5. Ta'Hagrat Temples (in Mġarr) - 1992
  6. Skorba Temples (in Żebbiegħ) - 1992
  7. Tarxien Temples (in Tarxien) - 1992
The two temples in Gozo, namely Ġgantija 1 and Ġgantija 2 date from the Neolithic age. They are believed to have been erected between 3,600 BC and 2,500 BC, making them some of the oldest man-made religious structures in the world. The temples are believed to have some connection with the local fertility cult.


Tarxien Temple, Malta
Tarxien Temple, Malta
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tarxien_temple.jpg
authorshipJoonas L.
photo licensing


Ħaġar Qim is a megalithic temple on the island of Malta. It dates from between 3,600 BC and 3,200 BC. Along with the other temples, it is also one of the oldest religious sites on earth. The temple was built using globigerina limestone which eroded and flaked over time. In 2009, a protective tent was built to shelter it.

Located about half a kilometer from Ħaġar Qim is the megalithic temple complex of Mnajdra. Built in the fourth millennium BC, it is amongst the most ancient religious sites on earth. The Ta' Ħaġrat temple is located on the eastern outskirts of the village of Mġarr. The site has yielded pottery deposits that are believed to predate even the temple, being from between 3,800 BC and 3,600 BC.

On the northern edge of Żebbiegħ are the megalithic temples of Skorba. Compared to the other sites, it is in an advanced stage of ruin. Also added on the World Heritage List are the Tarxien Temples, which date from 2,800 BC.

Megalithic Temples of Malta was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 4th session of the World Heritage Committee in Paris, France, 1 - 5 September, 1980.


A protective tent sheltering the ruins of Ħaġar Qim, Malta
A protective tent sheltering the ruins of Ħaġar Qim, Malta
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hagar_Qim_covered.JPG
authorshipCruccone
photo licensing


World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N36 2 56.688 E14 16 10.092 on the islands of Gozo and Malta.
Inscription Year: 1980
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: IV
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