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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Monticello, University of Virginia in Charlottesville[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Monticello and the University of Virginia are historic sites in Charlottesville, Virginia, associated with Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States who authored the Declaration of Independence. Monticello was Jefferson's plantation home which he designed and built himself, while the University of Virginia is a public research university founded by him. Both are recognised as a World Heritage Site.
Monticello, home of Thomas Jefferson in Virginia
Monticello was designed by Jefferson himself, an accomplished architect of neoclassical buildings, on top of an 850-ft (260-m) hillock. Its name Monticello is Italian for "little mountain". The building reflects Jefferson's aspiration for the new American republic as an inheritor of European traditions. Construction began in 1768, and Jefferson moved into it in 1770. He stayed there until 1784, when he was sent to serve as the Minister of the United States to France. While in Europe, he was inspired by the classical buildings he saw there. On his return, he decided to remodel his home in the French architectural style. This was delayed until 1794, after he completed his service as the first Secretary of State (1790-93). The remodeling of Monticello took place throughout his presidency, from 1801 to 1809.
The University of Virginia was conceived by Jefferson in 1800 and established in 1819. It was the first education institution to offer programs such as astronomy and philosophy. It also has the first engineering school in the country that is part of a comprehensive university. Three early presidents of the United States namely James Madison, James Monroe and Jefferson himself, were Board of Visitors of the university, which was built on the farmland belonging to Monroe. The University of Virginia holds the distinction of being the only university in the United States to be recognised as a World Heritage Site.
Monticello and University of Virginia in Charlottesville were inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 11th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Paris, France, on 7 - 11 December, 1987.
Statue of Homer and the Old Cabell Hall at the University of Virginia
World Heritage Site Inscription DetailsLocation: N 38 1 58 W 78 30 14 in Virginia, USA.
Inscription Year: 1987
Inscription Criteria: I, IV, VI
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