[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco, Mexico

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco is a World Heritage Site in Guanajuato Region, Mexico. The two sites are about 14 km from each other.

The town of San Miguel de Allende was founded in the 16th century. It is about 274 km from Mexico City. The town grew in importance as an outpost to protect the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, the royal inland route, particularly in the 18th century, when the mining of silver in Mexico was in full swing.


Paseo del Chorro, San Miguel de Allende, Mexico
Paseo del Chorro, San Miguel de Allende, Mexico
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:El_chorro.JPG" style="text-decoration:none" rel="nofollow">Sanmiguelito
photo licensing


Due to its significance on the trade route, San Miguel also developed into a major town with a number of outstanding religious and civic buildings, many of them in the Mexican Baroque style. It is a crossroad of cultures, where the culture of Spain meets that of the Amerindians and Creoles.

The Santuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco is a Jesuit complex. It was established by Father Luis Felipe Neri de Alfaro in the 18th century, who was said to have been called to the mission after seeing a vision of Jesus with a crown of thorns on his head carrying a cross.


Santuary of Atotonilco, San Miguel de Allende, Mexico
Sanctuary of Atotonilco, San Miguel de Allende, Mexico
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ComplexAtotonilco.JPG" style="text-decoration:none" rel="nofollow">AlejandroLinaresGarcia
photo licensing


The Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco has some of the finest Baroque art and architecture in New Spain. The exterior of the church look plain, and appears like that of a fortress. It has a ten-meter high outer wall. The inside of the church is richly decorated with murals, sculptures, inscriptions and paintings. Most of the murals were done by Antonio Martinez de Pocasangre and José Maria Barajas. The style reflect the influcence of Flemish paintings through the availability of Belgian prints brought over by the Spaniards from Europe.

The Protective Town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 32nd session of the World Heritage Committee in Quebec City, Canada, 2 - 10 July, 2008.


Ceiling of Sanctuary of Atotonilco, San Miguel de Allende, Mexico
Ceiling of Sanctuary of Atotonilco, San Miguel de Allende, Mexico
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CeilingAtotonilco1.JPG" rel="nofollow">AlejandroLinaresGarcia
photo licensing

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N20 54 52 W100 44 47 in the region of Guanajuato, Mexico.
Inscription Year: 2008
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: II, IV
[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive]