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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco, Mexico

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco is a World Heritage Site in Baja California Sur, Mexico. It celebrates the prehistoric pictoglyphs of the Cochimi and Guachimi people that lived in the area from 100 BC to AD 1300.

The arid climate of Baja California Sur has kept the Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco in a remarkably high standard of preservation. They depict human figures as well as animals. The paintings show the relationship of the ancient people and their interaction with the environment.

The Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco was first discovered in the 18th century by a Jesuit priest, Francisco Javier Calvijero, and appeared in the Catholic publication in Rome, in 1789. Ducth scholoar Ten Kate and French scholar Diguet made a study of them in the 19th century. By the 20th century, some 400 sites at Sierra de San Francisco have been discovered and documented.

The best quality rock art in the area belonged to the Guachimis people. The paintings can be found in the territory extending from San Javier and La Purisma to the northernmost part of the Baja California peninsula. These paintings are usually done on the walls and ceiling of rock shelters, in places that are often difficult to reach.

Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco provides a fascinating glimpse into the life of prehistoric people in North America. They were inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 17th session of the World Heritage Committee in Cartagena, Colombia, 6 - 11 December, 1993.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N27 39 20.016 W112 54 57.996 in the municipality of Sud, in the state of Baja California, Mexico.
Inscription Year: 1993
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: I, III
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