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[an error occurred while processing this directive]The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera, Italy

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The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera is today a World Heritage Site. Located in the Basilicata region of southern Italy, they are recognised as the most outstanding example of a prehistoric settlement in the Mediterranean region.

The area that we know today as Matera has seen human habitation going back to the Paleolithic times. The city itself is believed to have been founded by the Romans in the 3rd century BC. The Sassi di Matera, or "stones of Matera" are prehistoric cave dwellings including Sasso Caveoso and Sasso Barisano. The ancient houses here were dug into the tufa rock, forming caverns, with the streets located on the rooftop of other houses. The ancient settlement expanded to cover a slope of the river which today is just a stream.

The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera were inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 17th session of the World Heritage Committee in Cartagena, Colombia, on 6 - 11 December, 1993.


Sassi di Matera
Sassi di Matera
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sassi_di_Matera_aprile06_06.jpg
authorshipMarcok
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Matera in winter
Matera in winter
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sassi_innevati_2.jpg
authorshipMatheola
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World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N 40 39 59 E 16 36 37
Inscription Year: 1993
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: III, IV, V
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