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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Soltaniyeh, Iran

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Soltaniyeh is a World Heritage Site in Zanjan Province, Iran. Covering 790 hectares with a buffer zone of 350 hectares, Soltaniyeh is 240 km to the northwest of Tehran.

Soltaniyeh is the ancient capital of the Mongols who ruled Persia during the 13th century. The rule, known as the Ilkhanid Dynasty, was from 1256 until 1335 AD. It began with Genghis Khan's victory, and was founded by Genghis Khan's grandson Hulagu.

Soltaniyeh Dome, Iran
Soltaniyeh Dome, Iran
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Soltaniyeh_Dome
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There are several ruins in Soltaniyeh today. The most famous however is the Dome of Soltaniyeh, also known as the Mausoleum of Il-khan Öljeitü. Öljeitu was the 8th ruler of the Ilkhanid Dynasty who reigned from 1304 to 1316. Interestingly, Öljeitu was born a Christian, receiving the name Nicholas from Pope Nicholas IV. However, he converted to Buddhism when he was a youth, and later on to Shi'a Islam as an adult, upon coming in contact with Shi'a scholars, and also through persuasion of his wife. From then on he took the name Muhammad Khodabandeh.

The Mausoleum to Il-khan Öljeitu is the oldest structure in Iran with a double-shell dome. It dates to as early as 1302 AD. It is also one of the biggest brick domes in the world, standing at a height of 49 meters (161 ft) and weighing 200 tons.

Soltaniyeh was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 29th session of the World Heritage Committee in Durban, South Africa on 10 - 17 July, 2005. The mausoleum is presently undergoing restoration.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N36 26 7.008 E48 47 48.012 in Zanjan Province, Iran
Inscription Year: 2005
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: II, III, IV

Soltaniyeh Dome undergoing restoration
Soltaniyeh Dome undergoing restoration
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Soltaniyeh_dome_3.JPG
photo licensing

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