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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Tchogha Zanbil, Iran[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Tchogha Zanbil, Iran
[an error occurred while processing this directive] Tchogha Zanbil (also written Chogha Zanbil or Choga Zanbil) is a ziggurat in Iran that is recognised as a World Heritage Site. It is located in the Khuzestan province, abut 42 km from Dezfoul.
The Ziggurat of Tchogha Zanbil is believed to have been erected in 1250 BC by King Untash-Napirisha to honor the deity Inshushinak. It is within an ancient Elamite complex, an ancient civilization which appeared in southwest Iran between 3000 BC and 539 BC.
The original name for Tchogha Zanbil ziggurat was Dur Untash, meaning town of Untash, a town exclusive to the priestly class. The name Tchogha Zanbil is a recent nickname meaning "basket mound", in reference to the ruins of the ziggurat.
Choga Zanbil palace with tombs
The sanctuary of Techogha Zanbil is encircled by three layers of fortifications. At the inner sanctuary is the ziggurat iself, which was dedicated to the main deity, while in the middle sanctuary are eleven other minor temples for lesser deities. The whole temple complex was planned to hold twenty-two temples, but work was discontinued after the death of the king. Although the work stopped, the area was still used as a religious site until 640 BC, when it was destroyed by the Assyrians under King Ashurbanipal.
Tchogha Zanbil became the first World Heritage Site in Iran when it was inscribed during the 3rd session of the World Heritage Committee held in Luxor, Egypt, on 22 - 26 October, 1979.
World Heritage Site Inscription DetailsLocation: N32 4 59.88 E48 31 60
Inscription Year: 1979
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: III, IV
Choga Zanbil water basin
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