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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Timbuktu, Mali[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Timbuktu, a city renowned for its remoteness, is a World Heritage Site of Mali. Now a shadow of its glorious self, Timbuktu attained the pinnacle of greatness between the 15th and 16th centuries. During that time it was a center for learning in the sub-Saharan Islamic realm.
During its Golden Age, Timbuktu was the home of the eminent Koranic Sankore University, putting Timbuktu on the map as a scholarly center for Islamic learning in Africa. In keeping to its role as the intellectual and spiritual heart of Islamic Africa, Timbuktu had three major mosques that were instrumental in spreading Islam throughout Africa.
Wedding party in Timbuktu, Mali
In addition to being a university city, Timbuktu derived its prosperity from the trade in salt, gold, ivory and slaves. Much of the trade passing through the city was controlled by the Tuareg tribe, particularly in the beginning of the 15th century until 1468, when the city came under the Songhay Empire (the tomb of Askia, an emperor of the Songhay Empire, is also a World Heritage Site).
The Songhay Empire was brought down by Morocco in 1591, and Timbuku was made the provincial capital of the region. By the time it gained its independence from Morocco in 1612, Timbuktu was already in decline.
Timbuktu was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 12th session of the World Heritage Committee in Brasilia, Brazil, 5 - 9 December, 1988.
Sankore Mosque, Timbuktu, Mali
World Heritage Site Inscription DetailsLocation: N16 46 24 W2 59 58 in the region of Tombouctou, Mali
Inscription Year: 1988
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: II, IV, V
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