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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Uvs Nuur Basin, Mongolia[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Uvs Nuur Basin is a World Heritage Site in Mongolia protecting twelve important bird sanctuaries. Covering 1,068,853 hectares, it is the northernmost enclosed basin in Central Asia. The Uvs Nuur Basin was named after Lake Uvs, the biggest lake in Mongolia covering 3,350 sq km. This extremely salty lake, at a height of 759 m above sea level, is an important body of water for migratory birds.
Satellite view of Uvs Nuur Basin, Mongolia
The Uvs Nuur area represents a major biomes of eastern Eurasia. The climate in Uvs Nuur is harsh. In winter temperatures have been recorded to drop as low as -58°C, while in summer it goes up to 40°C. Despite the extremity of its climate, it is home to many native plants that are endemic to the area. The saltiness of Lake Uvs is due to it having a large catchment area without an exiting stream. Despite its salinity, the lake is rich in fish - 29 species have been recorded - the majority can be eaten.
In addition to birds, the area is also a habitat for the rare gerbil, endangered snow leopard, the argali, the Asiatic ibex and the marble polecat. Most of the people in this region live a nomadic life. As the area is sparsely populated, the human presence pose little impoact to the landscape.
Uvs Nuur Basin was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 27th session of the World Heritage Committee in Paris, France, 29 June - 5 July, 2003.
World Heritage Site Inscription DetailsLocation: N50 16 30 E92 43 11 in Uvs Aimag, Zavhan Aimag, Huvsgul Aimag (Mongolia); Mongun-Taiga Kojuun, Ovur Kojuun, Tes-Khem Kojuun, Ersin Kojuun (Tuva), Mongolia
Inscription Year: 2003
Type of Site: Natural
Inscription Criteria: IX, X
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