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[an error occurred while processing this directive]Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaíno, Mexico

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaíno is a biosphere reserve that is recognised as one of the World Heritage Sites of Mexico. It located in the municipality of Mulege in Baja California Sur, in the central part of the Baja California Peninsula. Covering 143,600 sq km (55,555 sq mi), it is the biggest wildlife reserve in Latin America. The core zone of World Heritage listing encompasses 370,950 hectares.

El Vizcaíno is particularly important as its coastal lagoons harbors breeding grounds and wintering sites of marine mammals such as the grey whale, harbour seal, California sea lion, northern elephant-seal and blue whale. These are just a select number of wildlife that inhabit the sanctuary.


Aerial view of Laguna Ojo de Liebre, Baja California Sur, Mexico
Aerial view of Laguna Ojo de Liebre, Baja California Sur, Mexico
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Laguna_Ojo_de_Liebre,_Mexico.jpg
authorshipMattisse/NASA
photo licensing


There are two coastal lagoons at El Vizcaíno, Laguna Ojo de Libebre and Laguna San Ignacio. Both are on the west side of the Baja California peninsula. To the east lies the mountain range of Baja California with peaks reaching close to 2,000 m in height. The shallows and sandy bays teems with vegetation representative of the arid environment. Typical include shrubs and bushes that cling tenaciously to the sandy dunes.

Apart from the marine mammals, El Vizcaíno is also noted for its bird life. There are a number of endemic birds in the area, among them the peninsular yellowthroat and the black-fronted hummingbird. Some migratory birds visit the area during winter, particularly waterfowl.

Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaíno was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 17th session of the World Heritage Committee in Cartagena, Colombia, 6 - 11 December, 1993.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N27 47 31.992 W114 13 40.008 in the municipality of Mulege, in the state of Baja California.
Inscription Year: 1993
Type of Site: Natural
Inscription Criteria: X
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