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[an error occurred while processing this directive]White City of Tel Aviv, Israel

[an error occurred while processing this directive][an error occurred while processing this directive] White City of Tel Aviv is a World Heritage Site recognising the Modern Movement architecture of the city. They were built by Jewish architects who immigrated to Israel mostly from Germany, and they bring with them knowledge of Bauhaus or International style architecture which they put to use in developing Tel Aviv. As a result, Tel Aviv has over 4,000 buildings in the Bauhaus style, more than any other city in the world.


Bauhaus building in the White City of Tel Aviv
Bauhaus building in the White City of Tel Aviv
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:White_city_building_1.JPG
authorshipSambach
photo licensing


Tel Aviv was conceptualized as a planned, modern city in 1909. It was to be a garden city developed out of the sand dunes of Jaffa. At that time, Israel was under the British Mandate. The urban planner tasked with the responsibility was Patrick Geddes, whose experience included the planning of New Delhi.

Persecution by the Nazis in the 1930's led to an influx of German-born Jewish architects to Israel, among them Arieh Sharon. The Bauhaus architectural style was deemed ideal for the new city of Tel Aviv, as it emphasize functionality over ornamentation, and the use of inexpensive material. Also integrated to the Bauhaus style were architectural ideas developed by Le Corbusier. Tel Aviv became a fertile ground for the new architectural concepts to be tried out and improved, and in keeping with the climate, re-adapted for Tel Aviv. The use of white and light colors to reflect heat became a reason why the area was called White City.

The White City of Tel Aviv was inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 27th session of the World Heritage Committee in Paris, France, on 29 June - 5 July, 2003.


Another Bauhaus building in Tel Aviv
Another Bauhaus building in Tel Aviv
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shlomo_hamelech_11.JPG
authorshipSambach
photo licensing

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N32 4 0 E34 46 60
Inscription Year: 2003
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: II, IV

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